Commercial Silk Int'l

Flame Retardant Plants and State Fire Codes for Artificial Foliage

Understanding the fire code requirements for flame retardant artificial plants and artificial trees can be a challenging and confusing process. Each State adopts its own fire code as well as every single municipality. In an effort to help our clients answer the question of whether fire retardant foliage is required for their projects, we have asked the Office of the State Fire Marshal in each State for the details of their fire code requirements.

There are many factors used in determining a fire code ruling for fire retardant plants and trees, including occupancy type, sprinklers, code interpretation, and more.  Though every reasonable effort is made to present current and accurate information, please note that we cannot guarantee the information and strongly suggest that clients contact the state and local municipality in question for complete fire code information.

Alabama Hawaii Massachusetts New Mexico South Dakota
Alaska Idaho Michigan New York Tennessee
Arizona Illinois Minnesota North Carolina Texas
Arkansas Indiana Mississippi North Dakota Utah
California Iowa Missouri Ohio Vermont
Colorado Kansas Montana Oklahoma Virginia
Connecticut Kentucky Nebraska Oregon Washington
Delaware Louisiana Nevada Pennsylvania West Virginia
Florida Maine New Hampshire Rhode Island Wisconsin
Georgia Maryland New Jersey South Carolina Wyoming

Alabama
We are attempting to collect this information. We encourage you to contact the Alabama Office of the State Fire Marshal for more details.

Alaska
The Department of Public Safety has adopted the 2006 Edition of the International Fire Code (IFC) which states in Section 806.2 'Artificial vegetation' that artificial decorative vegetation shall meet the flame propagation performance criteria of NFPA 701. Meeting the flame propagation performance criteria of NFPA 701 shall be documented and certified by the manufacturer in an approved manner.

—Fire and Life Safety Regulations - http://www.dps.state.ak.us/fire/regulations.aspx

Arizona
The State of Arizona has adopted International Fire Code (2003 Edition) which states in Section 804.4 that artificial decorative vegetation shall be flame resistant or flame retardant. Such flame resistance or flame retardant shall be documented and certified by the manufacturer in an approved manner.

—Office of State Fire Marshal

Arkansas
The Arkansas Fire Prevention Code is based on Chapter 8 of the 2000 Edition of the International Fire Code. The 2000 International Fire Code, Section 804.4 states that artificial decorative vegetation shall be flame resistant or flame retardant. Such flame resistance or flame retardants shall be documented and certified by the manufacturer in an approved manner.

—Office of State Fire Marshal

California
The SFM has the authority in drinking and dining establishments, places of public assembly and schools, to require decorative materials and fabrics (curtains, drapes, drops, hangings and tents, awnings or other fabric enclosures) be made from a nonflammable material, or treated with approved flame retardant chemicals. That authority has expanded over the years to include other decorative materials such as artificial plants, Christmas trees, and trade show display equipment.

—State Fire Marshal Website

Colorado
Colorado has not adopted a state fire code rather each local jurisdiction adopts their own. Almost all have adopted the International Fire Code.

Denver
As filed March 13, 2008 in City Clerk File Number 08-256 Denver adopted collectively as the Denver Building and Fire Code the 2006 Edition of the International Fire Code (IFC). Section 806.2 states that artificial decorative vegetation shall meet the flame propagation performance criteria of NFPA 701. Meeting the flame propagation performance criteria of NFPA 701 shall be documented and certified by the manufacturer in an approved manner.

—Bills, Laws and Municipal Code for the City and County of Denver
http://www.denvergov.org/CityofDenverHome/CityGovernment/BillsLawsandMunicipalCode/tabid/435564/Default.aspx

Colorado Springs
The City of Colorado Springs, CO has adopted the IFC (2003 Edition) which states in Section 804.4 that artificial decorative vegetation shall be flame resistant or flame retardant. Such flame resistance or flame retardant shall be documented and certified by the manufacturer in an approved manner.

—City of Colorado Springs Fire Code Enforcement http://www.springsgov.com/Page.aspx?NavID=1078

Aurora
Aurora, Colorado has adopted the 2000 Edition of the International Fire Code (IFC) and states in Section 804.4 that artificial decorative vegetation shall be flame resistant or flame retardant. Such flame resistance or flame retardants shall be documented and certified by the manufacturer in an approved manner.

—Aurora Fire Prevention http://www.aurora-il.org/fireprevention/index.php

Lakewood
Lakewood, CO has adopted the 2009 Edition of the IFC which says artificial decorative vegetation shall meet the flame propagation performance criteria of NFPA 701. Meeting the flame propagation performance criteria of NFPA 701 shall be documented and certified by the manufacturer in an approved manner.

—West Metro Fire Protection District
http://www.westmetrofire.org/index.cfm?main.page=document&group=2&detailsid=0&catid=12

Connecticut
The Connecticut State Fire Safety Code (CSFSC) Part V section 10.15 'Combustible Vegetation' in 10.15.3 'Provisions for Flame Resistance and Fire Retardants' addresses that artificial vegetation shall be labeled or otherwise identified or certified by the manufacturer as being flame retardant or flame resistive.

—Office of State Fire Marshal

Delaware
We are attempting to collect this information. We encourage you to contact the Delaware Office of the State Fire Marshal for more details.

Florida
The State of Florida has adopted the 2003 edition of NFPA 101, for application statewide. The requirements for decorations and furnishings that do not meet the definition of "Interior Finish" must comply with the provisions of Section 10.3 'Contents and Furnishings'.

—Bureau of Fire Prevention, Florida Division of State Fire Marshal

Georgia
Section 10.3.1 of the Georgia State Fire Code states the use of decorative materials (vegetative and non-vegetative) and furnishings in proposed (new) and existing buildings shall be regulated as set forth by Sections 805, 806, 807, and 808 of the International Fire Code (IFC), as adopted by Chapter 120-3-3 of the Rules and Regulations of the Safety Fire Commissioner. Section 806.2 of the 2006 IFC states artificial decorative vegetation shall meet the flame propagation performance criteria of NFPA 701. Meeting the flame propagation performance criteria of NFPA 701 shall be documented and certified by the manufacturer in an approved manner.

—Office of State Fire Marshal

Hawaii
We are attempting to collect this information. We encourage you to contact the Hawaii Office of the State Fire Marshal for more details.

Idaho
The International Fire and Building Codes 2006 edition is a minimum standard for the State of Idaho. Various occupancies have different requirements to the extent of fire rated interior finishes and "decorations".

Section 806.2 Artificial vegetation. Artificial decorative vegetation shall meet the flame propagation performance criteria of NFPA 701. Meeting the flame propagation performance criteria of NFPA 701 shall be documented and certified by the manufacturer in an approved manner.

Again as these codes simply state yes artificial decorative vegetation, plants, foliages, etc. are required to be fire retardant in Idaho.

—Office of State Fire Marshal

Illinois
We are attempting to collect this information. We encourage you to contact the Illinois Office of the State Fire Marshal for more details.

Indiana
Section 804.4 IFC 2003 Edition
Artificial decorative vegetation shall be flame resistant or flame retardant. Such flame resistance or flame retardant shall be documented and certified by the manufacturer in an approved manner.

—Legal and Code Services, Department of Homeland Security

Iowa
Iowa is currently adopting the International Fire Code (IFC) 2006 edition as the baseline for the State Fire Code.

IFC Section 806 states that artificial vegetation must meet the requirements of NFPA 701. The Iowa fire code applies to all buildings in the State except 1 and 2 family dwellings. The same would apply to the healthcare occupancies in the State regulated under CMS (Center for Medicare/Medicaid Services) regulations. They have adopted the 2000 Life Safety Code which also states that interior finish shall meet NFPA 701.

—Fire Prevention Bureau, State Fire Marshal Division

Kansas
We are attempting to collect this information. We encourage you to contact the Kansas Office of the State Fire Marshal for more details.

Kentucky
We are attempting to collect this information. We encourage you to contact the Kentucky Office of the State Fire Marshal for more details.

Louisiana
We are attempting to collect this information. We encourage you to contact the Louisiana Office of the State Fire Marshal for more details.

Maine
We are attempting to collect this information. We encourage you to contact the Maine Office of the State Fire Marshal for more details.

Maryland
We are attempting to collect this information. We encourage you to contact the Maryland Office of the State Fire Marshal for more details.

Massachusetts
Per the Massachusetts State Fire Code decorations as defined as all materials such as scenery, plastic shields, streamers, and also cloth, cotton batting, straw, vines, leaves, trees and moss used for decorative effect, bamboo and other wood fibers, cardboard and other paper products that pass the NFPA 701 test are in compliance.

—Office of State Fire Marshal Download Document

Michigan
The Bureau of Fire Services fire safety rules adopt the NFPA codes and the 1997 Life Safety Code (LSC), NFPA 101. Section 6-6 'Furnishings, Contents, Decorations and Treated Finishes' of the LSC requires loosely hanging furnishing and decorations to be flame resistant as demonstrated by complying with NFPA 701. The Bureau of Fire Services has applied this requirement to large foliage plants.

—Bureau of Fire Services

Minnesota
The Minnesota State Fire Code (MSFC) requires artificial foliage to comply with NFPA 701. This comes from section 806.2.

—Office of State Fire Marshal

Mississippi
We are attempting to collect this information. We encourage you to contact the Mississippi Office of the State Fire Marshal for more details.

Missouri
We are attempting to collect this information. We encourage you to contact the Missouri Office of the State Fire Marshal for more details.

Montana
We are attempting to collect this information. We encourage you to contact the Montana Office of the State Fire Marshal for more details.

Nebraska
We are attempting to collect this information. We encourage you to contact the Nebraska Office of the State Fire Marshal for more details.

Nevada
Nevada is in the process of adopting the International Fire Code 2006 edition as the main document of the State minimum Fire Code.

The fire code simply states in Section 806.2 'Artificial vegetation' that artificial decorative vegetation shall meet the flame propagation performance criteria of NFPA 701. Meeting the flame propagation performance criteria of NFPA 701 shall be documented and certified by the manufacturer in an approved manner.

Again as these codes simply state yes artificial decorative vegetation, plants, foliages, etc.are required to be fire retardant in Nevada.

—Nevada State Fire Marshal Division

New Hampshire
We are attempting to collect this information. We encourage you to contact the New Hampshire Office of the State Fire Marshal for more details.

New Jersey
The New Jersey Uniform Fire Code, Section F-306.1 requires that all decorative materials including artificial foliage, be either non-combustible or flame resistant in accordance with both the small and large scale tests of NFPA 701, 1995 edition. Documentation should be provided with the products to indicate that they meet or exceed the requirements of both of these tests.

—Fire Safety Code Inspections, Bureau of Fire Code Enforcement

New Mexico
The State Fire Marshal Office of New Mexico for new construction has adopted the International Fire Code (IFC, 2003 Edition) that states in Section 804.4 that artificial decorative vegetation shall be flame resistant or flame retardant and that such flame resistance or flame retardance shall be documented and certified by the manufacturer in an approved manner.

—Office of State Fire Marshal

New York
In Chapter 8, Section 804.4 of the New York State Fire Code, it states artificial decorative vegetation shall be flame resistant or flame retardant. Such flame retardance shall be documented and certified by the manufacturer in an approved manner.

—Office of State Fire Marshal Website

New York City
In Chapter 8, Section 804.4 of the New York City Fire Code, it states artificial decorative vegetation, including artificial trees, shall be flame resistance or flame retardance shall be certified by a testing laboratory, or by the manufacturer in an approved manner. Documentation of such certification shall be submitted to the department upon request and as required by the rules.

—Office of State Fire Marshal Download Document

North Carolina
Section 806.2 of the NC State Fire Code states: "Artificial vegetation shall meet the flame propagation performance criteria of NFPA 701. Meeting the flame propagation criteria of NFPA 701 shall be documented and certified by manufacturer's in an approved manner".

—Office of State Fire Marshal

North Dakota
The four largest cities in North Dakota (Minot, Fargo, Bismarck and Grand Forks) have adopted the International Fire Code (2006 Edition) which states in Section 806.2 that artificial decorative vegetation shall meet the flame propagation performance criteria of NFPA 701. Meeting the flame propagation performance criteria of NFPA 701 shall be documented and certified by the manufacturer in an approved manner.

Ohio
806.2 Artificial vegetation. Artificial decorative vegetation shall meet the flame propagation performance criteria of NFPA 701 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code. Meeting the flame propagation performance criteria of NFPA 701 as listed in rule 1301:7-7-45 of the Administrative Code shall be documented and certified by the manufacturer in an approved manner.

—Code Enforcement Bureau, Division of State Fire Marshal

Oklahoma
We are attempting to collect this information. We encourage you to contact the Oklahoma Office of the State Fire Marshal for more details.

Oregon
The Oregon Fire Code (OFC), Section 806.2 addresses the use of artificial vegetation, stating "Artificial decorative vegetation shall meet the flame propagation performance criteria of NFPA 701. Meeting the flame propagation performance criteria of NFPA 701 shall be documented and certified by the manufacturer in an approved manner."

—Office of State Fire Marshal

Pennsylvania
We are attempting to collect this information. We encourage you to contact the Pennsylvania Office of the State Fire Marshal for more details.

Rhode Island
We are attempting to collect this information. We encourage you to contact the Rhode Island Office of the State Fire Marshal for more details.

South Carolina
The State of South Carolina has adopted the International Fire Code (2006 Edition) which states in Section 806.2 that artificial decorative vegetation shall meet the flame propagation performance criteria of NFPA 701. Meeting the flame propagation performance criteria of NFPA 701 shall be documented and certified by the manufacturer in an approved manner.

—Office of State Fire Marshal Download Document

South Dakota
We are attempting to collect this information. We encourage you to contact the South Dakota Office of the State Fire Marshal for more details.

Tennessee
We are attempting to collect this information. We encourage you to contact the Tennessee Office of the State Fire Marshal for more details.

Texas

The six largest cities in Texas have adopted the International Fire Code that specifically addresses the use of artificial vegetation.

Houston
The City of Houston, Texas has adopted the 2000 Edition of the International Fire Code as its City Fire Code. Section 804.4 of the IFC states that artificial decorative vegetation shall be flame resistant or flame retardant. Such flame resistance or flame retardants shall be documented and certified by the manufacturer in an approved manner.

—Life Safety Division of Houston Fire Department http://www.houstontx.gov/fire/divisions/lifesafety.html

Dallas
Effective June 16, 2007, the City of Dallas, TX, has adopted the 2006 Edition of the International Fire Code as the Dallas Fire Code. According to Section 806.2 artificial decorative vegetation shall meet the flame propagation performance criteria of NFPA 701. Meeting the flame propagation performance criteria of NFPA 701 shall be documented and certified by the manufacturer in an approved manner.

—City of Dallas Building Construction Codes http://www.dallascityhall.com/building_inspection/construction_codes.html

San Antonio
The City of San Antonio, Texas, has adopted the 2009 Edition of the International Fire Code (IFC) which says artificial decorative vegetation shall meet the flame propagation performance criteria of NFPA 701. Meeting the flame propagation performance criteria of NFPA 701 shall be documented and certified by the manufacturer in an approved manner.

—San Antonio Fire Department http://www.sanantonio.gov/safd/firecodes.asp

Austin
The City of Austin, TX has adopted the 2003 Edition of the International Fire Code. Section 804.4 states that artificial decorative vegetation shall be flame resistant or flame retardant. Such flame resistance or flame retardant shall be documented and certified by the manufacturer in an approved manner.

—Austin Fire Department http://www.ci.austin.tx.us/fire/firecode2.htm

Fort Worth
Effective January 21, 2009, the City of Fort Worth, Texas, adopted the 2009 Edition of the International Fire Code which says artificial decorative vegetation shall meet the flame propagation performance criteria of NFPA 701. Meeting the flame propagation performance criteria of NFPA 701 shall be documented and certified by the manufacturer in an approved manner.

—Fort Worth Fire Department http://www.fortworthgov.org/fire/info/default.aspx?id=2542

El Paso
The City of El Paso, TX, has adopted the 2009 Edition of the IFC which states artificial decorative vegetation shall meet the flame propagation performance criteria of NFPA 701. Meeting the flame propagation performance criteria of NFPA 701 shall be documented and certified by the manufacturer in an approved manner.

—El Paso Fire Department Code Compliance http://www.ci.el-paso.tx.us/fire/code_enforcement.asp

Utah
The State of Utah enforces the 2006 International Fire Code statewide. Any requirements for artificial foliage required in the IFC would be enforced statewide. Section 806.2 of the International Fire Code (2006 Edition) states artificial decorative vegetation shall meet the flame propagation performance criteria of NFPA 701. Meeting the flame propagation performance criteria of NFPA 701 shall be documented and certified by the manufacturer in an approved manner.

—Chief Deputy State Fire Marshal

Vermont
We are attempting to collect this information. We encourage you to contact the Vermont Office of the State Fire Marshal for more details.

Virginia
The Virginia Statewide Fire Prevention Code (SFPC) incorporates by reference the International Fire Code (IFC) 2003 edition.

Section 804.4 'Artificial Vegetation' states that artificial decorative vegetation shall be fire resistant or flame retardant. Such flame retardants shall be documented and certified by the manufacturer in an approved manner.

—Office of State Fire Marshal

Washington
IFC 2006 Section 806.2 'Artificial vegetation'
Artificial decorative vegetation shall meet the flame propagation performance criteria of NFPA 701. Meeting the flame propagation performance criteria of NFPA 701 shall be documented and certified by the manufacturer in an approved manner.

—Office of State Fire Marshal

Washington D.C. (District of Columbia)
IFC 2000 Chapter 8 Section 804 'Decorative Vegetation'
804.4 'Artificial Vegetation' states artificial decorative vegetation shall be flame resistant or flame retardant. Such flame resistance or flame retardants shall be documented and certified by the manufacturer in an approved manner.

—Fire Prevention Division

West Virginia
We are attempting to collect this information. We encourage you to contact the West Virginia Office of the State Fire Marshal for more details.

Wisconsin
We are attempting to collect this information. We encourage you to contact the Wisconsin Office of the State Fire Marshal for more details.

Wyoming
We are attempting to collect this information. We encourage you to contact the Wyoming Office of the State Fire Marshal for more details.


More information about fire retardant foliage:

Fire resistant plants overview >
Fire safe plant applications: IFR vs. Topical >
Silk plant and tree fire tests >
Non-fire retardant plant and tree risks: real life fire examples >
Fire retardant foliage specification guide >


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